What is the difference between Ales & Lagers?

Although both ales and lagers are created through the process of fermentation, many differences are prevalent between that create two completely different products. Ale is created through warmer top fermentation of malted barley, usually by infusion mashing, while lager is produced through colder bottom fermentation, usually through decoction mashing. The coloring of ales ranges from reddish-brown to dark-brown to lighter pale ales. The coloring of lagers ranges from very dark to vary light depending on the style. Also, ales are typically higher in alcohol content than lagers and the flavor is characteristically “robust, hearty, and fruity” while lagers are “smooth, elegant, crisp, and clean.” With these differences, both beverages are able to please different demographics and remain a large part of beer culture throughout the world.